In 1863 Supreme Court Chief Justice Taney sent a letter to the Secretary of the Treasury attacking implementation of Section 86 on the compensation of Federal judges as being unconstitutional. This letter was also published as a Supreme Court decision (157 U.S. 701). In it, Justice Taney states:
Here you can see that the judges understood the effect of this law was a diminishment "by the name of a tax". They knew it was not an actual tax, but a forced debt obligation. In this country there exists no circumstance under which a person lawfully can be forced to accept a debt against their will. The judges chose to exercise their Right to refuse to accept this debt.
The facts presented above were expressed by the Supreme Court in Pollock v Farmer's Loan & Trust Co. in 1895 where they said:
The tax forced a three percent debt obligation upon Federal government employees working under an existing employment agreement in 1862. However the tax established by Section 86 was legal when applied to the salary of persons who took employment with the Federal government after the Act was passed because they were on notice that a three percent "return", or kickback, was part of their employment agreement.
This "tax" in 1861 (notice that it is not even called a tax in the Act, but a Duty), only applies to Federal employees.
Last Update: 05/16/97
Web Author: The Disciples of Truth
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