Title 42 - Civil Rights
Next we will look at the Title 42 Civil statutes that may be useful, and that you should be aware of:
42 USC 2000e-2
In Title 42, in support of Civil Complaints for the misuse of a personís SSN, we have:
Sec. 408. Penalties
(a) In general. Whoever -
42 USC 408
(8) discloses, uses, or compels the disclosure of the social security number of
any person in violation of the laws of the United States; shall be guilty of a felony and upon conviction thereof shall be fined under
title 18 or imprisoned for not more
than five years, or both.
And these next sections are the code sections that provide Civil redress for violations of an individualís Consitutional Rights.
Sec. 1981. Equal Rights Under the Law.
(a) Statement of equal rights
42 USC 1981
All persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall have the same right in every State and Territory to make and enforce
contracts, to sue, be parties, give evidence, and to the full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the
security of persons and property as is enjoyed by white citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment, pains, penalties, taxes,
licenses, and exactions of every kind, and to no other.
(b) ''Make and enforce contracts'' defined
For purposes of this section, the term ''make and enforce contracts'' includes the making, performance, modification, and termination
of contracts, and the enjoyment of all benefits, privileges, terms, and conditions of the contractual relationship.
(c) Protection against impairment
The rights protected by this section are protected against impairment by nongovernmental
discrimination and impairment under color of State law.
Sec. 1981a. Damages in Cases of Intentional Discrimination in Employment.
(a) Right of recovery
42 USC 1981a
(1) Civil rights. (b) Compensatory and Punitive Damages
In an action brought by a complaining party under section 706 or 717 of the Civil
Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e-5, 2000e-16) against a respondent who
engaged in unlawful intentional discrimination (not an employment practice that is
unlawful because of its disparate impact) prohibited under section 703, 704, or 717 of
the Act (42 U.S.C. 2000e-2, 2000e-3, 2000e-16), and provided that the complaining
party cannot recover under section 1981 of this title, the complaining party may
recover compensatory and punitive damages as allowed in subsection (b) of this
section, in addition to any relief authorized by section 706(g) of the Civil Rights Act of
1964, from the respondent.
(1) Determination of punitive damages
A complaining party may recover punitive damages under this section against a
respondent (other than a government, government agency or political subdivision) if the
complaining party demonstrates that the respondent engaged in a discriminatory
practice or discriminatory practices with malice or with reckless indifference to the
federally protected rights of an aggrieved individual.
(2) Exclusions from compensatory damages
Sec. 1982. Property Rights of Citizens.
All citizens of the United States shall have the same right, in every State and Territory, as is enjoyed by white citizens thereof to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and convey real and personal property.
42 USC 1982
Sec. 1983. Civil Action for Deprivation of Rights.
Every person who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction
thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress. For the purposes of this section,
any Act of Congress applicable exclusively to the District of Columbia shall be considered to be a statute of the District of Columbia.
42 USC 1983
Sec. 1985. Conspiracy to Interfere with Civil Rights.
(1) Preventing officer from performing duties
42 USC 1985
If two or more persons in any State or Territory conspire to prevent, by force, intimidation, or threat, any person from accepting or holding any office, trust, or place of confidence under the United States, or from discharging any duties thereof; or to
induce by like means any officer of the United States to leave any State, district, or place, where his duties as an officer are required to be performed, or to injure him in his person or property on account of his lawful discharge of the duties of his
office, or while engaged in the lawful discharge thereof, or to injure his property so as to molest, interrupt, hinder, or impede him in the discharge of his official duties;
Sec. 1986. Action for Neglect to Prevent.
Every person who, having knowledge that any of the wrongs conspired to be done, and mentioned in section 1985 of this title, are about to be committed, and having power to prevent or aid in preventing the commission of the same, neglects or refuses so to
do, if such wrongful act be committed, shall be liable to the party injured, or his legal representatives, for all damages caused by such wrongful act, which such person by reasonable diligence could have prevented; and such damages may be recovered in
an action on the case; and any number of persons guilty of such wrongful neglect or refusal may be joined as defendants in the action; and if the death of any party be caused by any such wrongful act and neglect, the legal representatives of the deceased
shall have such action therefor, and may recover not exceeding $5,000 damages therein, for the benefit of the widow of the deceased, if there be one, and if there be no widow, then for the benefit of the next of kin of the deceased. But no action under
the provisions of this section shall be sustained which is not commenced within one year after the cause of action has accrued.
42 USC 1986
Sec. 1994. Peonage Abolished.
The holding of any person to service or labor under the system known as peonage is abolished and forever prohibited in any Territory or State of the United States; and all acts, laws, resolutions, orders, regulations, or usages of any Territory or State,
which have heretofore established, maintained, or enforced, or by virtue of which any attempt shall hereafter be made to establish, maintain, or enforce, directly or indirectly, the voluntary or involuntary service or labor of any persons as peons, in
liquidation of any debt or obligation, or otherwise, are declared null and void.
42 USC 1994
Sec. 2000e-2. Unlawful Employment Practices.
It shall be an unlawful employment practice for an employer -
(1) to fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or otherwise to discriminate
against any individual with respect to his compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges
of employment, because of such individual's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin;
(2) to limit, segregate, or classify his employees or applicants for employment in any
way which would deprive or tend to deprive any individual of employment
opportunities or otherwise adversely affect his status as an employee, because of such
individual's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Last Update: 05/16/97
Web Author: The Disciples of Truth
Copyright ©1997 by Agents of the LORD GOD R SAFE - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED